不出款后收费无风险

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员工意外身亡 是否工伤起争议

2015-10-16 16:41:02 来源:不出款后收费无风险在线

福建法(fa)治报-不(bu)(bu)出(chu)款后收费无风险(xian)在线(xian)10月10日(ri)讯 永安清流一男子(zi)(zi)深夜意外坠落(luo)于公(gong)司宿舍外的小河,不(bu)(bu)幸身亡,三明市(shi)(shi)人(ren)社(she)局(ju)(ju)认为该(gai)男子(zi)(zi)不(bu)(bu)在工(gong)(gong)作时间、工(gong)(gong)作场(chang)所身亡,不(bu)(bu)予(yu)认定(ding)为工(gong)(gong)伤(shang)(shang)(shang),被公(gong)司诉至法(fa)院。日(ri)前,清流县法(fa)院一审作出(chu)宣判,撤销三明市(shi)(shi)人(ren)社(she)局(ju)(ju)的不(bu)(bu)予(yu)认定(ding)工(gong)(gong)伤(shang)(shang)(shang)的决定(ding),要求(qiu)该(gai)局(ju)(ju)重新认定(ding)是(shi)否工(gong)(gong)伤(shang)(shang)(shang)。

刘(liu)(liu)(liu)某(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)与妻(qi)子江(jiang)某(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)均是清(qing)流一化工(gong)公司(si)员(yuan)(yuan)工(gong),平时均住在(zai)公司(si)宿(su)舍(she)二楼,刘(liu)(liu)(liu)某(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)负责变电站(zhan)看护(hu)和厂区、宿(su)舍(she)区水电维护(hu)工(gong)作。公司(si)考虑(lv)其(qi)腿病允许(xu)其(qi)自由(you)掌握工(gong)作时间,不要到(dao)车间轮班(ban)。2014年6月15日晚,江(jiang)某(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)去上大夜班(ban)时,刘(liu)(liu)(liu)某(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)在(zai)床(chuang)(chuang)上休息。不料(liao),第(di)二天一大早她(ta)就接到(dao)噩耗(hao),丈(zhang)夫刘(liu)(liu)(liu)某(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)坠落在(zai)其(qi)宿(su)舍(she)阳(yang)台(tai)下(xia)面(mian)的(de)(de)河床(chuang)(chuang)上。等她(ta)赶到(dao)现场时,经(jing)医护(hu)人(ren)员(yuan)(yuan)查验,刘(liu)(liu)(liu)某(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)已(yi)经(jing)死(si)亡。2014年9月9日,三明市人(ren)社(she)局认为(wei)刘(liu)(liu)(liu)某(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)的(de)(de)死(si)亡不构(gou)成工(gong)伤。该化工(gong)公司(si)不服认定,将(jiang)人(ren)社(she)局告到(dao)法院,要求(qiu)撤(che)销其(qi)作出的(de)(de)《工(gong)伤认定决定书》。

今年(nian)2月10日(ri),清流县法院(yuan)开庭审(shen)理(li)了这起行政诉讼案件。庭审(shen)中,原(yuan)(yuan)告(gao)(gao)化工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)公(gong)(gong)司认(ren)为(wei)2014年(nian)6月16日(ri)凌晨(chen),从车间流向(xiang)宿舍区的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)供水管道在(zai)厂区宿舍二楼(lou)(lou)东面阳台进口处破裂(lie),负责公(gong)(gong)司水电维修(xiu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)刘某(mou)在(zai)对故障管道进行勘察维修(xiu)中,不(bu)(bu)慎从二楼(lou)(lou)阳台处坠落身亡。此(ci)外,原(yuan)(yuan)告(gao)(gao)与刘某(mou)签(qian)订的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)劳(lao)动合同(tong)是不(bu)(bu)定(ding)时(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)制。因此(ci),刘某(mou)在(zai)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)场所和(he)(he)(he)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)时(shi)间,从事(shi)公(gong)(gong)司指派的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)所受(shou)到的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)伤(shang)害(hai)应认(ren)定(ding)为(wei)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)伤(shang)。该事(shi)实有公(gong)(gong)安机关(guan)及原(yuan)(yuan)告(gao)(gao)提供的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)相关(guan)材料证实。被告(gao)(gao)作(zuo)(zuo)出(chu)不(bu)(bu)认(ren)定(ding)为(wei)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)伤(shang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)决定(ding),缺乏事(shi)实基础,适用法律错误。被告(gao)(gao)人(ren)社局则认(ren)为(wei),公(gong)(gong)安机关(guan)在(zai)现场勘察未发(fa)(fa)现有修(xiu)理(li)水管的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)具和(he)(he)(he)水管破裂(lie)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)痕迹;原(yuan)(yuan)告(gao)(gao)与刘某(mou)签(qian)订的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)劳(lao)动合同(tong)是不(bu)(bu)定(ding)时(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)制,但(dan)未向(xiang)县人(ren)社部门申报(bao);刘某(mou)发(fa)(fa)生事(shi)故的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)时(shi)间和(he)(he)(he)地(di)点不(bu)(bu)是工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)时(shi)间和(he)(he)(he)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)场所,刘振胜的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)死(si)亡事(shi)故不(bu)(bu)属(shu)于(yu)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)伤(shang)认(ren)定(ding)范围,不(bu)(bu)应认(ren)定(ding)为(wei)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)伤(shang)或视同(tong)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)伤(shang)。

在(zai)审(shen)理过程(cheng)中,承办法官依职(zhi)权调(diao)取(qu)了公安机(ji)关(guan)制作(zuo)的(de)(de)刘(liu)某(mou)高坠案现(xian)场(chang)勘验(yan)检查工作(zuo)记录(lu)一份(fen)、现(xian)场(chang)照(zhao)片5张(zhang)、现(xian)场(chang)方位图一份(fen)等证据。经审(shen)理查明,公安机(ji)关(guan)的(de)(de)现(xian)场(chang)勘验(yan)笔(bi)录(lu)中有关(guan)于“一根水(shui)管(guan)见断(duan)裂,并见有水(shui)从(cong)水(shui)管(guan)喷(pen)出”的(de)(de)记录(lu),并有5张(zhang)照(zhao)片佐证,而(er)被(bei)告(gao)提(ti)供的(de)(de)证据中没(mei)有这5张(zhang)照(zhao)片。此外,原告(gao)与刘(liu)某(mou)签订的(de)(de)劳(lao)动合(he)同(tong)约定(ding)的(de)(de)弹性工作(zuo)时间,刘(liu)某(mou)只要(yao)在(zai)厂(chang)里,就要(yao)随时待命工作(zuo),何时进行维护作(zuo)业都属工作(zuo)时间,没(mei)有上下班和(he)白天(tian)晚上之分。

经审理后,清(qing)流(liu)县法院(yuan)认(ren)(ren)为, 原告(gao)与(yu)刘某的(de)劳动合(he)同,虽未向(xiang)劳动行政部门申(shen)报,但不(bu)(bu)能否认(ren)(ren)其特殊工(gong)时制度(du)的(de)性质。被告(gao)认(ren)(ren)为刘某发生事(shi)故的(de)时间和(he)地点不(bu)(bu)是工(gong)作(zuo)时间和(he)工(gong)作(zuo)场所,事(shi)实不(bu)(bu)清(qing),主要证据不(bu)(bu)足。因此,依法判(pan)决(jue)撤销(xiao)三明市人社局于2014年9月(yue)9日作(zuo)出的(de)《工(gong)伤(shang)认(ren)(ren)定(ding)决(jue)定(ding)书》,三明市人社局在判(pan)决(jue)生效后对刘某死亡事(shi)故重(zhong)新作(zuo)出工(gong)伤(shang)认(ren)(ren)定(ding)的(de)行政行为。

法官说法

工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)伤(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang),又称(cheng)为(wei)产业伤(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)害(hai)、职(zhi)(zhi)业伤(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)害(hai)、工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)业伤(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)害(hai)、工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)伤(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)害(hai),是指劳动(dong)者(zhe)在从(cong)事职(zhi)(zhi)业活(huo)动(dong)或(huo)(huo)者(zhe)与(yu)职(zhi)(zhi)业活(huo)动(dong)有(you)关(guan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)活(huo)动(dong)时所(suo)(suo)遭受(shou)的(de)(de)(de)(de)不(bu)(bu)良因(yin)素的(de)(de)(de)(de)伤(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)害(hai)和职(zhi)(zhi)业病伤(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)害(hai)。《工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)伤(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)保险条(tiao)例》第14条(tiao)规(gui)定(ding):“职(zhi)(zhi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)有(you)下(xia)列情形之一(yi)(yi)的(de)(de)(de)(de),应当(dang)认(ren)(ren)定(ding)为(wei)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)伤(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang):在工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)时间(jian)(jian)和工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)场(chang)所(suo)(suo)内,因(yin)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)原(yuan)因(yin)受(shou)到(dao)(dao)事故伤(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)害(hai)的(de)(de)(de)(de);工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)时间(jian)(jian)前后在工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)场(chang)所(suo)(suo)内,从(cong)事与(yu)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)有(you)关(guan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)预备性(xing)(xing)(xing)或(huo)(huo)者(zhe)收尾性(xing)(xing)(xing)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)受(shou)到(dao)(dao)事故伤(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)害(hai)的(de)(de)(de)(de);在工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)时间(jian)(jian)和工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)场(chang)所(suo)(suo)内,因(yin)履行(xing)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)职(zhi)(zhi)责受(shou)到(dao)(dao)暴力等意(yi)外(wai)伤(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)害(hai)的(de)(de)(de)(de);患职(zhi)(zhi)业病的(de)(de)(de)(de);因(yin)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)外(wai)出(chu)(chu)期间(jian)(jian),由(you)于(yu)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)原(yuan)因(yin)受(shou)到(dao)(dao)伤(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)害(hai)或(huo)(huo)者(zhe)发生(sheng)事故下(xia)落不(bu)(bu)明;职(zhi)(zhi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)在合理时间(jian)(jian)内往返于(yu)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)地与(yu)配偶、父母、子(zi)女居(ju)住地的(de)(de)(de)(de)合理路线的(de)(de)(de)(de)上下(xia)班途中发生(sheng)事故的(de)(de)(de)(de),亦可(ke)认(ren)(ren)定(ding)为(wei)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)伤(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang);法(fa)(fa)律、行(xing)政(zheng)法(fa)(fa)规(gui)规(gui)定(ding)应当(dang)认(ren)(ren)定(ding)为(wei)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)伤(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)其(qi)他情形。”这是一(yi)(yi)条(tiao)法(fa)(fa)律上的(de)(de)(de)(de)兜底条(tiao)款规(gui)定(ding)。由(you)于(yu)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)伤(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)事故的(de)(de)(de)(de)复杂性(xing)(xing)(xing)和不(bu)(bu)确定(ding)性(xing)(xing)(xing)不(bu)(bu)仅需要专门(men)的(de)(de)(de)(de)法(fa)(fa)律、行(xing)政(zheng)法(fa)(fa)规(gui)的(de)(de)(de)(de)规(gui)范性(xing)(xing)(xing)强制性(xing)(xing)(xing)规(gui)定(ding),也需其(qi)他法(fa)(fa)律法(fa)(fa)规(gui)做出(chu)(chu)相应调整(zheng),对于(yu)法(fa)(fa)律、行(xing)政(zheng)法(fa)(fa)规(gui)规(gui)定(ding)为(wei)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)伤(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)其(qi)他情形,也应当(dang)纳入《工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)伤(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)保险条(tiao)例》调整(zheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)伤(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)范畴中。

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